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Pint , Beth E. Lachman , Justin L. Adams , William M. Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience. This documented briefing describes the results of a study that examined U.
The authors then reviewed DoD and Army installation plans to determine how well these strategic issues are currently being addressed. Where gaps exist, Pint et al. Finally, the authors discuss the types of data that would be needed for more in-depth infrastructure analysis, whether these data are currently available, and how they might be collected. RAND documented briefings are based on research presented to a client, sponsor, or targeted audience in briefing format.
Additional information is provided in the documented briefing in the form of the written narration accompanying the briefing charts. All RAND documented briefings undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity. The first 7 years of U. Cyber Command operations are paved with milestones that mark the steady operationalization of modern cyberspace as the newest domain of military conflict as well as a realm of international power.
The creation of the Cyber Mission Force and Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber are significant steps toward improving the timeliness and effectiveness of cyberspace operations that directly support combatant commands and the whole-of-government responses to cyberspace threats. This monograph focuses on an understudied, but yet a critically important and timely component of land warfare, related to the battlefield use of chemical weapons by contemporary threat forces.
It will do so by focusing on two case studies related to chemical weapons use in Syria and Iraq by the Assad regime and the Islamic State. Initially, the monograph provides an overview of the chemical warfare capabilities of these two entities; discusses selected incidents of chemical weapons use each has perpetrated; provides analysis and lessons learned concerning these chemical weapons incidents, their programs, and the capabilities of the Assad regime and the Islamic State; and then presents U. Army policy and planning considerations on this topical areas of focus.
Task Force Smith at the beginning of the Korean War has often been used as a metaphor for military unreadiness.
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While the story of that first US action of the war provides a timeless cautionary tale for commanders, the story of unreadiness for war in June went much further than the tactical failures of one infantry battalion. This case study examines the political, economic, military, and strategic environment in the years between and to illustrate the complexity of the readiness issue.
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Readiness in the strategic context concerned many more issues than simply personnel status or equipment availability. Traditional approaches to strategic communication have focused on a single leader's ability to influence stakeholders and other audiences through exceptional communication skills. But there is much more to it. What about the content of the message? How well does the message permeate the organization, allowing it to speak and act as one with the leader?
Is it necessary to change minds, or is it sufficient to discredit opposing messages? Using a broad base of literature from organizational studies and the author's experiences, this monograph offers a thought process for building communication campaigns that focus both internally and externally to the organization. Includes a Foreword by Mari K. Eder, U. Cyberspace operations have become pervasive in the United States, and they enable many aspects of modern life for the average citizen, such as entertainment, communication, education, transportation, banking, and voting.
The continuing development of the U. Army and Department of Defense DoD Reserve component cyberspace units can leverage the capabilities and experience of industry and academia to help protect critical information infrastructure and enhance national security. What opportunities and challenges surround the integration of these forces into a still-evolving joint cyberspace force? However, the formalized joint scenario planning process to support strategy and force development—Support for Strategic Analysis—has faced many challenges over the past 2 decades, and has ultimately proven less influential than intended on strategic decision-making.
Explaining why is the main purpose of this monograph. It argues that scenario analysis has been most effective in supporting capability and program development, while it has fallen short in shaping strategy and force structure. The reasons for this are numerous and are rooted in intrinsic, structural characteristics of decision-making in large organizations.
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The monograph concludes with several recommendations for rejuvenating scenario planning in the Pentagon. The Iraq War has been the costliest U. To date, few official studies have been conducted to review what happened, why it happened, and what lessons should be drawn. The U. This study reviews the conflict from a Landpower perspective and includes the contributions of coalition allies, the U.
Marine Corps, and special operations forces. Presented principally from the point of view of the commanders in Baghdad, the narrative examines the interaction of the operational and strategic levels, as well as the creation of theater level strategy and its implementation at the tactical level. This volume concludes with a review of the decision by the George W.
This study was constructed over a span of 4 years and relied on nearly 30, pages of hand-picked declassified documents, hundreds of hours of original interviews, and thousands of hours of previously unavailable interviews. Original interviews conducted by the team included President George W. With its release, this publication, The U. Army in the Iraq War , represents the U. Army in the Iraq War will be produced. These copies will be distributed primarily to military educational institutions across the Joint force.
Hardcopies of the study can be acquired through the Government Printing Office Bookstore. Organizations and individuals will be able to order printed copies. Both volumes of The U.
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Volume 1 can be found here. And Volume 2 can be found here. Odierno, The U. This study, published in two volumes, is a narrative history that tells the story of U. It focuses at the operational level of war, exploring the decisions and intent of the senior three- and four-star commanders and how these decisions effected the course of the war over time. This work was built from over 30, pages of previously unavailable declassified documents and hundreds of hours of interviews with senior defense leaders.
During the development of The U. These documents are available to the public and can be accessed here. Vera Delzo. This monograph examines the conflicts in the Middle East region between Saudi Arabia and Iran and the so-called proxy wars that are being fought between them, and discusses ways that the United States needs to maneuver carefully in this struggle to preserve its long-term interests in the area.
Although Washington has political, economic, and strategic equities with Riyadh, it needs to think carefully about being perceived as engaging in sectarian strife that would alienate Shia allies in Iraq, show bias in its human rights policy, and anger millions of Iranian young people who want better relations with the United States.
Americans have always been uniquely attracted to airpower, a fact that has been successfully exploited by generations of U. Air Force leaders in information campaigns.
Pakistan successfully tests Shaheen-II ballistic missile capable of hitting Indian cities
But as a result, the nation has often entered conflicts with exorbitant expectations about what airpower could actually accomplish, creating unique challenges in strategic communications when promises did not match reality, especially in recent conflicts. Seventeen years ago this November, in a conference room in the Pentagon, I explained that, in whatever form it took, the new Government of Afghanistan would require some sort of provincial or territorial forces under Afghan Army command to augment the regular national army, which the interagency working group was tasked with creating.
This structure was how Afghanistan organized its army from to Afghanistan could never afford to pay the salaries for, be able to maintain, or fill the ranks of a regular, all-volunteer army large enough to defend all of its territory simultaneously. Army increasingly faces adversaries that are difficult to define. The threat landscape is further complicated by the silent partnership between criminal organizations, irregular groups, and nation-states.
This collaboration, whatever its exact nature, is problematic, because it confounds understanding of the adversary, making existing countermeasures less effective, and thus directly challenging U. Military action taken without full appreciation of the dynamics of the nature of these relationships is likely to be ineffective at best or suffer unintended consequences.
This monograph provides a comprehensive assessment of the threat to U. Russia has strengthened its military position in Central Asia and the South Caucasus through a combination of bilateral and multilateral initiatives. The CSTO has expanded its missions, authorities, and capabilities. However, it faces both internal and external challenges, especially debilitating divisions among its members. Whitt and Elizabeth A. Teaching Strategy. Hill and Stephen J. Nontraditional War. Traditional War.
There are many risks to the U. The challenges include: significant uncertainty; sudden unexpected events; high noise and clutter levels in intelligence pictures; basic and complex deceptions exercised through a variety of channels; the actions of hidden malign actors; and novel forms of attack on U. If the U.