- Homo metaphysicalis? The biological rootedness of the metaphysical mind
- Through two doors
- Where science ends, philosophy starts
Areas of metaphysical studies include ontology , cosmology , and often, epistemology. Metaphysical - Longer definition: Metaphysics is a type of philosophy or study that uses broad concepts to help define reality and our understanding of it. Metaphysical studies generally seek to explain inherent or universal elements of reality which are not easily discovered or experienced in our everyday life.
As such, it is concerned with explaining the features of reality that exist beyond the physical world and our immediate senses. Metaphysics, therefore, uses logic based on the meaning of human terms, rather than on a logic tied to human sense perception of the objective world. The origin of philosophy, beginning with the Pre-Socratics, was metaphysical in nature.
For example, the philosopher Plotinus held that the reason in the world and in the rational human mind is only a reflection of a more universal and perfect reality beyond our limited human reason. He termed this ordering power in the universe "God. Metaphysical ideas, because they are not based on direct experience with material reality, are often in conflict with the modern sciences.
Beginning with the Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution , experiments with, and observations of, the world became the yardsticks for measuring truth and reality.
Therefore, our contemporary valuation of scientific knowledge over other forms of knowledge helps explain the controversy and skepticism concerning metaphysical claims, which are considered unverifiable by modern science. In matters of religion, the problem of validating metaphysical claims is most readily seen in all of the "proofs" for the existence of God. Like trying to prove the existence of a "soul" or "spirit" in the human, attempts to scientifically prove the existence of God and other nonobjective, nonhuman realities is seemingly impossible.
Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Many scientists regard mass and energy as the primary currency of nature. In recent years, however, the concept of information has gained importance. In this book, eminent scientists, philosophers and theologians chart various aspects of information, from quantum information to biological and digital information, in order to understand how nature works. Beginning with Many scientists regard mass and energy as the primary currency of nature.
Beginning with a historical treatment of the topic, the book also examines physical and biological approaches to information, and its philosophical, theological and ethical implications. Get A Copy. Hardcover , 1st edition , pages. More Details Other Editions 5. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.
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Homo metaphysicalis? The biological rootedness of the metaphysical mind
Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Aug 16, Harrison rated it liked it Shelves: non-fiction. This is a collection of essays edited by physicist Paul Davies and theologian Niels Henrik Gregersen on recent developments on the concept of information in physics, biology, and philosophy, which make up three sections of the book the first section is on history.
On the negative side, as with any such anthology, I think the quality varies from author to author, and even section to section. The first two parts on history and physics are the strongest, those that trace the development of the ma This is a collection of essays edited by physicist Paul Davies and theologian Niels Henrik Gregersen on recent developments on the concept of information in physics, biology, and philosophy, which make up three sections of the book the first section is on history.
The first two parts on history and physics are the strongest, those that trace the development of the materialistic worldview from ancient to modern and postmodern times. Highlights include Ernan McMullin and Philip Clayton's account of the history of philosophy and the implications of quantum theory, as well as the essays by Paul Davies, Seth Lloyd, and Henry Stapp on how information applies to physics, the idea of the universe as a quantum computer, and the possible analogies to be made between quantum theory and mind. I think parts three and four, on information in biology and theology, are the weakest wordy, rambling, imprecise , and the only real highlight for me in the last section was Keith Ward's essay on "God as the ultimate information principle.
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Personal bias: While I do not consider myself Christian, I find David Ray Griffin's writings on similar subjects to be much clearer, well-argued, and universal in scope, despite his own Christian perspective. And considering the subject matter, I found it disappointing that every author who discussed Darwin or neo-Darwinism just blindly accepted that worldview often with a pithy remark , without acknowledging any of the problems with those theories, especially those that relate to the idea of information.
Through two doors
Griffin, for example, who does not support intelligent design or creationism, acknowledges these difficulties in his books. That said, despite the occasional boring, overly wordy, or uninformative no pun intended contribution, I did find many pieces of insight scattered about throughout the book. But it really is a mixed bag and not one I foresee re-reading in its entirety.
May 27, Kelly Head rated it really liked it. This collection of essays grew out of a symposium held in Copenhagen in organized by the Templeton Foundation, a longtime contributor to the dialogue between science and religion. I first became interested in this book after discovering it while trying to learn more about the concept of information as a physic This collection of essays grew out of a symposium held in Copenhagen in organized by the Templeton Foundation, a longtime contributor to the dialogue between science and religion.
I first became interested in this book after discovering it while trying to learn more about the concept of information as a physical property. There is plenty to illuminate this angle of the concept, but so much more as well.
Where science ends, philosophy starts
At times, the Christian-bias of some of the authors becomes a bit overwhelming. For example, though much is made of the Logos Christology in John and throughout early Christianity, the Logos concept of creation could just as easily fit into a Platonized Judaism or a pre-Socratic Heraclitean tradition.
There is no doubt that the Gospel of John draws on the Word of God language in Genesis to describe the pre-existent Logos, i. Feb 06, Kevin rated it did not like it Shelves: atheism-and-theism , physics-and-math. An overly-lengthy mixture of science, philosophy and hand-waving "god of the gaps" argument, heavy on the latter and light on the first. If you are looking for a book integrating information theory and cutting-edge physics, look elsewhere. Feb 18, Rama rated it it was amazing Shelves: physical-reality , physics. Is our universe pre-ordained with information?
In terms of classical physics, the physical reality may be defined as matter and energy behaving according to the laws of physics in classical spacetime, and the human being is a passive observer of this reality. Consciousness and the freewill , which operates independently in classical world, determines the ultimate fate. According to quantum physics, matter and energy behave according to the laws of quantum physics in quantized spacetime, and the Is our universe pre-ordained with information? According to quantum physics, matter and energy behave according to the laws of quantum physics in quantized spacetime, and the human observer is an integral part of this reality.
Since quantum physics include consciousness as an integral part of its laws, it appears that reality may be pre-ordained with information and the free-will is limited to operating within its domain of quantum reality. In this edited book, the authors propose a fascinating hypothesis that emphasizes information as the primary source of nature, and it is passed on through the laws of physics.
This book reviews physical and biological approaches to information and its philosophical and theological implications. The book starts splendidly with a great introduction to quantum physics and reality but ends in a chapter that claims resurrection of Jesus is supported by the laws of physics. Man-made religions are constructed on the concept of fear; the human being is judged by the morality set by human standards, and he is punished by God for his sin. This immorality of man and mercy of God are highly wired in all faiths.
No real connection ever existed between any established religion and physics, and physicists should stay away from fabrication. Interpretations of quantum physics relates the actual world as rooted in a consciousness that conceives all possible states and actualizes some of them for a reason connected with the evaluation of such states by the consciousness Many-world interpretation of quantum physics.
This generally results in one set of possible states that gives rise to a universe. We know that consciousness cannot exist without some form of material embodiment. The object of human consciousness is physical or at least sensory, but this may be due to the failure of imagination or human limitation. There may be many kinds of objects of consciousness.